Packaging producers (suppliers of packaging materials and manufacturers, converters or importers of empty packaging and packaging materials) and users (wholesalers, distributors, fillers, users of packaging and importers of filled packaging)
All materials/products used for the containment, protection, handling, delivery and presentation of goods from the producer to the end-user and consumer. This includes sales/primary, grouped/secondary, and transport/tertiary packaging (cfr. definition in Directive 1994/62/EC).
Paper/cardboard, plastic, glass, wood, aluminium and steel
Overall recovery target: 60%
Overall recycling target: min 55% and max. 80% with specific recycling target for paper/cardboard (60%), plastic (26%), steel & aluminium (50%), wood (35%) and glass (60%).
CONAI does not use the Green Dot. On a voluntary basis, members of CONAI can use the CONAI logo in compliance of the CONAI trademark regulation
Part Legislation and specific items
Since 1997 (cfr. “Ronchi” Decree n°22/1997 and its amendments, particularly DLGS 152/2006), an Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) has been implemented for household (HH) & industrial (T&I) packaging which requires the packaging producers and users to deal with the end of life of their packaging. There are three possibilities to implement this obligation:
- A government-approved reuse system;
- A government approved individual o collective industry -run system for the full management of their own packaging waste1;
- Membership in the CONAI System which has been established by the aforementioned law.
All packaging producers and users have to submit waste a prevention plan to Conai.
CONAI has signed a cooperation agreement with ANCI (National Association of the Italian Municipalities) which defines the material and financial conditions between CONAI and the local municipalities. Each packaging material is managed by a specific supply chain consortium: RICREA (steel), CIAL (aluminum), Comieco (paper and board), RILEGNO (wood), COREPLA (plastics) and CoReVe (glass). The consortia have signed agreements with the municipalities in order to take back the quantities of packaging waste they collect separately. Municipalities may delegate waste collection to companies working on behalf of them.
Wholesalers, distributors, fillers, users of packaging and importers of filled packaging can take back used secondary packaging and transport packaging free of charge and send it to a collection point organised by the producers. It may also be managed by independent companies operating on the market or collected by the municipality (against payment).
The CONAI fee is based on turnover (if turnover is less than €516,457), packaging sales revenues (in the case of manufacturers and importers of empty packaging), packaging purchase costs (in the case of packers/fillers and importers of packaged goods) or total sales revenue (in the case of retailers and distributors). Members also pay material-specific fees or eco-contributions (€/T), which vary according to the packaging material they use. For packaging produced and sold in Italy, converters pay the material-specific fees in the first instance, they will pass the cost later on to their customers. For imported packaging, the importer pays the material-specific fees in the first instance. Foreign companies are not allowed to join CONAI.
- To take over the Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) for household (HH) & industrial (T&I) packaging from packaging producers and users;
- To collect the different fees from the packaging producers;
- To coordinate and finance the activities of six material consortia for the recovery and recycling of aluminium, glass, paper/cardboard, plastic, steel and wood;
- To define the framework for the collaboration between the material consortia and the municipalities.
- To promote the separate collection and the recycling of packaging waste (communication)