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Portugal

Geographical size 
92 225 km2

Population
10 427 301 (2014)

GDP (Billion euro)
165,690 billion euro (2013)

  • Sociedade Ponto Verde, S. A. (SPV)

    Edifício Infante D. Henrique  - Rua João Chagas, 53 - 1 Dt, 1495-072 Cruz Quebrada - Dafundo
    Phone: +351 21 010 24 00
    E-mail: info@pontoverde.pt - Website: www.pontoverde.pt

Trade & Industry

End-users

Household

Packaging supply chain (Packaging convertors, raw material producers, packers/fillers and importers of packaged goods)

Trade & Industry

All products regardless of the nature of the material it is made of, or if
they were used for containing, keeping, handling, delivery, and representation of goods, from
raw material to final products, from manufacturer to users and consumers, and it can be sales or primary packaging, grouped or secondary packaging, transport or tertiary packaging (cfr. definition in Directive 94/62/EC).

Industrial packaging (dangerous or not) arising from industrial sites.

Transport packaging which corresponds to secondary and tertiary packaging arising from commercial and industrial sites.

Household

All products regardless of the nature of the material it is made of, or if
they were used for containing, keeping, handling, delivery, and representation of goods, from
raw material to final products, from manufacturer to users and consumers, and it can be sales or primary packaging, grouped or secondary packaging, transport or tertiary packaging (cfr. definition in Directive 94/62/EC).

Sales packaging arising from households and similar places (restaurants, hospitals,…).
HH packaging includes service packaging.

 

All material (mainly glass plastic, paper/cardboard,  drink cardboards, steel, aluminium and wood)

Overall recovery target (by weight): 60%
Overall recycling target (by weight): 55% with specific recycling target for paper/cardboard (60%), plastic (22,5%), metal (50%), wood (15%) & glass (60%)

Not mandatory

Not mandatory1
SPV is licensed to use the Green Dot symbol.

1The law requires sales packaging participating in a recovery system to be marked to identify it, unless special permission has been granted not to do this. SPV members have thus to mark their sales packaging with the Green Dot.

Part Legislation and specific items

According to the Portuguese law, the packers/fillers or importers who place packaged products on the market are responsible for the management and end disposal of packaging waste. To comply, companies can choose between a Deposit System for Reusable and Non-Reusable Packaging or to transfer their responsibility to an Integrated System (accredited organisation) that applies exclusively to Non-Reusable Packaging. Currently2, Sociedade Ponto Verde (SPV) is the licenced managing company for the collective System.

Without fulfilling such requirements, packers, fillers and importers are not allowed to operate in the market place since the referred legal framework came into force, on January 1st 1998.

The law defines the packaging industries (packaging materials and packaging) as responsible for the “take back obligation”. To achieve this commitment, they can do it by themselves or arrange for it to be done by the material organisations they created: PLASTVAL (Plastics), FILEIRA METAL (Steel and Aluminum), RECIPAC (Paper/board), EMBAR (Wood) and CERV (Glass). All these organizations founded INTERFILEIRAS, an umbrella association that owns a 20% share of Sociedade Ponto Verde (SPV).

The funding of the additional costs of separate collection and sorting of packaging waste is under the responsibility of the entire packaging chain. The organization of separate collection, sorting and his financing is the object of contracts or voluntary agreements with the municipalities. The Portuguese law states that municipalities are the competent authorities for managing urban waste services. In most cases, selective collection, sorting and treatment activities are performed by regional public companies. The most representative type of management model is the “multi-municipal” company. These companies consist of partnerships between a public company owned by the central state and the municipalities.

The “multi-municipal” companies are reimbursed by SPV for the additional cost incurred as a result of the selective collection, sorting and treatment activities. In addition, they are also entitled to receive financial and technical support from SPV for communication campaigns undertaken to gain or increase public acceptance for the selective collection programs they implemented.

End-users are responsible for the recovery/recycling of T&I packaging. This can be done directly through licensed plants or through a participation in a deposit system or an integrated recovery system. End-users generating less than 1100 litres of T&I packaging waste per day can have it collected by municipalities.

Sociedade Ponto Verde (SPV) handles sales and transport packaging from commercial sites such as supermarkets and shopping centres as well as household packaging, and as T&I from industrial and agricultural sites. SPV charges weight-based, material-specific licence fees to packer/fillers and importers, with one set of rates for household packaging and another for T&I packaging.

Refillables and non-refillable containers
Fillers have to guarantee that the market share of refillables in the take-home trade is at least 80% for beer, 65% for table wine, 30% for soft drinks and 10% for packaged water. Retailers selling this beers, table wine, soft drinks or water in non-refillable containers have to offer the same product categories in refillables. Fillers and importers have to report to the Environment Ministry on the quantities of refillable packaging placed on the market, returned, refilled and sent for recovery or disposal. In the practice, these requirements have not been applied and the catering trade uses only refillable containers for soft drinks, beer and mineral water, or recycles all non-refillable beverage containers, or take back all used packaging. A subsidiary of SPV, Verdoreca, handles special system for hotel, restaurant and café sector (free of charge).

Packaging taxes
A waste management tax has been implemented in 2007 in order to cover the controlling and monitoring costs incurred by authorities and institutions. The activities of organizations that manage specific waste fractions are indeed monitored by public bodies and these also controls that parties responsible meet the targets.
The tax can be paid to SPV (as a supplement to the annual fees). The tax varies in function of the difference between the quantities of packaging waste reported by SPV and the quantities not recovered, by materials.

Remark

2 dedicated packaging recovery organizations exist for two sectors: Valorfito for the packaging of plant protection products (www.valorfito.com) and Valormed for medicine packaging (www.valormed.pt).

2A licence for a second company is currently under preparation.

Sociedade Ponto Verde (SPV)

  • To take over the Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) for packers/fillers /importers of goods and end-users;
  • To collect the licence fee from the packers/fillers/importers;
  • To finance the collection, sorting and recycling of packaging waste in partnership with the municipalities;
  • To work closely with the material organisations in order to achieve the targets
  • To report its results regarding recovery and recycling, to the authorities

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