ENVI-PAK, a. s. *
LIMIT RECYCLING SLOVAKIA
ESP ENVIRO SERVICE
Juhoslovanská 3, 040 13 Košice (Slovenska)
Phone: + 421 917 885 367
Manufacturers (packer/fillers) and importers placing more than 200 kg of packaging on the Slovak market each year are obliged to ensure the collection of packaging waste and to meet the recovery and recycling targets.
All materials/products used for the containment, protection, handling, delivery and presentation of goods from the producer to the end-user and consumer. This includes sales/primary, grouped/secondary, and transport/tertiary packaging (cfr. definition in Directive 2004/12/EC)
All materials (namely paper/cardboard, glass, plastic, metals, composites, wood and other materials)
Overall recovery target (by weight): 60%
Overall recycling target (by weight): 55% with specific recycling target for paper/cardboard (60%), plastic (45%), metal (55%), wood (25%) & glass (60%).
The Directive’s targets had to be reached in 2012.
ENVI-PAK holds the licence to use the Green Dot symbol. Producers of packaging marked with the Green Dot which do not participate in ENVI-PAK must sign a licensing agreement for use of the symbol.
Part Legislation and specific items
In the Slovak Republic, the Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) for packaging requires the packers/fillers and importers of packaged goods to ensure the collection of their packaging waste and to meet the recovery and recycling targets. To do this they have two possibilities :
- The implementation of a self-compliant recovery/recycling system
- The participation to a government-approved collective system.
If an obliged person decides to meet its duties on its own it has to:
- Calculate the quantity of packaging waste that it is obliged to recycle and recover in a given year (based on the percentage set for the specific packaging material and the quantity of packaging introduced in the Slovak market by the obliged person in that year)
- Develop a packaging waste collection system; it is possible to collect not just packaging waste introduced in the market by the obliged person, but also the other packaging waste introduced in the market by other obliged persons; however, it must always be the same packaging material as the packaging introduced in the market by the obliged person (i.e. glass, plastic, paper, wood and metal). The obliged person may develop a packaging waste collection system either alone or in cooperation with contractual partners including municipalities.
- Collect the set percentage of a specific packaging waste material and be able to prove that the waste has been recovered. It is not sufficient to submit a confirmation that the packaging waste has been delivered to a company ensuring waste collection, but it is necessary to prove that the waste has been submitted to an entity authorized to recover or recycle it. Recovery or recycling can be done either in a facility in Slovakia or abroad.
- Prove compliance with the binding limits based on documents stating packaging waste material flow from its origin to the first waste recovery facility.
- Meet its record keeping duties concerning the packaging introduced in the market and ensure compliance with the binding waste packaging recovery and recycling limits including its reporting duty under Art. 10 of the Packaging Act.
All the above duties can be delegated by the obliged person to an accredited organization that shall meet all its duties under the Packaging Act.
Approved recovery organizations and individual compliers must register to the authorities. Anybody putting into circulation packaged products originating from obligated parties not on the Register is liable for the fulfilment of the obligations of the unregistered company.
Companies placing more than 10 tonnes of packaging a year on the national market must develop a four-year prevention programme including quantitative prevention targets, measures leading towards the targets and control arrangements to ensure the targets are met.
Packaging taxes and levies
A Recycling Fund exists to support the collection and recycling of packaging and certain other end-of-life products. The Fund’s income is passed to the sector which generated the contributions. The law says that the income may be used for material and technical equipment and to cover the investment and operating costs of processors of the relevant commodities. It is not allowed to transfer Fund resources from sector to sector but there is one exception for the obligatory transfer of 25% of income from each sector to the general sector. Municipalities are eligible for obliged contribution from the general sector if they can prove that separate collection and recycling is taking place on the basis of an agreement with the Recycling Fund. The role of the Fund overlaps with the role of the accredited organisations.
Packaging producers, packer/fillers and importers of packaged goods pay a weight-based “product fees” to the Fund charged on packaging placed on the market. They are not obliged to pay to the fund. Producers, packers/fillers and importers placing annually less than a minimum tonnage of material on the market do not have to pay. But manufacturers and importers of empty packaging have to contribute in function of the packaging they place on the Slovak market.
The recovery organizations with the largest market share are ENVI-PAK (app. 50% of market share) which holds the licence to use the Green Dot symbol and Naturpack (app. 25% of market share). Most of the other accredited organizations are relatively smaller and accredited for the extended producer responsibility related to waste of electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE), offering at the same time service for the packaging waste of these equipments.
- To reach the recovery and recycling targets for its members
- To report its results regarding recovery and recycling, to the authorities
- To develop collection and sorting systems in cooperation with authorities
- To collect the licence fees from packers/fillers and importers
- To finance the full cost of collection, sorting and recycling of HH packaging waste
- To stimulate the selective collection and recycling of HH packaging waste through communication