Tax based system
No accredited organisation
All products regardless of the nature of the material it is made of, or if
they were used for containing, keeping, handling, delivery, and representation of goods, from
raw material to final products, from manufacturer to users and consumers, and it can be sales or primary packaging, grouped or secondary packaging, transport or tertiary packaging (cfr. definition in Directive 94/62/EC).
All material : namely Glass, Paper/cardboard (including composites), metal, plastic, wood and others
Overall recovery target: 60%
Overall recycling target: 55%, with specific recycling target for cardboard (60%), plastic (22,5%), metal (50%), glass (60%) and wood (15%) (cfr. implementation Directive 94/62/EC).
Eko-Ozra is licensed to use the Green Dot symbol.
Other mandatory marking (cfr. next page)
Part Legislation and specific items
Producers (packers/fillers) and importers of packaged goods are obliged to cover the collection and reprocessing costs (disposal and recovery) of primary packaging packaging from the products they have put into circulation in the territory of the Republic of Croatia. Therefore a tax system has been implemented. They have to pay a waste management fee to the State-run Environmental Protection and Energy Efficiency Fund (EPEEF - www.fzoeu.hr). There is a fixed fee per packaging and a weight-based fee, which is different for each packaging material.
There is also another fee, named “incentive fee for reuse”, payable to the EPEEF. This is intended to encourage the use of refillable beverage containers. If the quota by product type (beer, soft, water, ..) on reusable packaging placed on the market compared to all packaging put on the market is achieved for the previous year, then the fee should not be paid for the current year for this type of product. The market share quota (National objectives of the share of the reusable packaging in % for different products) is 65% for beer. There is a 25% quota for all other product categories – wine, other alcoholic drinks, juice, carbonated and uncarbonated water and carbonated and uncarbonated soft drinks.
Producers and importers of packaged goods are however exempted from paying the waste management fee and “incentive fee” if the annual amount of packaging they place on the Croatian market by material does not exceed any of the following limits: 800 kg of glass, 300 kg of paper/cardboard or 100 kg of each of metal, plastic, wood or other materials in a given year.
Other obligation for distributors:
Distributors have to provide special containers for the separate collection at business premises whose selling area exceeds 200 square metres. They have also to collect separately all secondary and tertiary packaging arising as waste on their premises. If they sort the non-reusable packaging taken back from various packaging materials, they are allowed to recuperate part of the fee they pay to EPEEF.
Furthermore, there is a mandatory deposit on non-refillable (one-way) glass, PET and metal containers for beer, carbonated and soft drinks and water, juices, wines and spirits, and on containers larger than 200 ml for dairy beverages. The EPEEF manages this deposit system. The Fund retains unredeemed deposits unless a producer collects more than 50% of the packaging that he has put into circulation on the national market.
In 2006, Eko-Ozra (www.eko-ozra.hr) became an exclusive licensee for the Green Dot mark in Croatia. Nevertheless, Eko-Ozra is not allowed to be an accredited recovery system for packaging waste. They do not charge any fee for packaging recovery. The fee which is paid by users to Eko-Ozra allows them to use the Green Dot mark (fixed annual fee determined by the size of the company / user).
Specific labelling rules:
Contrary to the European Commission Decision on marking, the Croatian Ordinance requires mandatory marking and material identification. The EU numbers and abbreviations have to be placed in the centre or under other specific symbols (reusable packaging or recyclable packaging) which are also mandatory.
The Act on Sustainable Waste Management, which has been voted in 2013, obliges the Croatian Government to vote a new Ordinance on Packaging Waste no later by July 23, 2014. Unfortunately, the Croatian Government is running late with the vote of this ordinance and a directive on compensation calculation. Prior this new regulation, the Ministry of Environment has to conduct an analysis of the existing situation and decide which part of the system could be left to the market (or accredited organization) and which part will continue to be managed by the Fund.