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Geographical size 
45 227 km2

1 315 819 (2014)

GDP (Billion euro)
18,613 billion (2013)

  • ETO Estonia
    (Eesti TaaskasutusOrganisatsioon) *

    Mustamäe tee 24 - 10621 Tallinn (Estonia)
    Phone: +372 640 32 40 - Fax: + 372 640 32 48
    E-mail: - Website:

    ​* Expra member

  • EPC (Eesti Pakendiringlus or Estonian PackCycling)

    Vana-Narva mnt. 26 - 74114 Maardu (Estonia)
    Phone: +372 633 92 40 - Fax: +372 633 92 41
    E-mail: - Website:

  • TVO (TootjaVastutusOrganisatsioon OÜ)

    Suur-Sõjamäe 48b Tallinn (Estonia)
    Phone: +372 681 14 80
    E-mail: - Website:

Any person/entity whose vocational or economic activities are related with packing goods, importing or selling packed goods on the Estonian market.

All products made of any materials of any nature to be used for the containment, protection, handling, delivery and presentation of goods, from raw materials to processed goods, from the producer to the user or the consumer. Non-returnable items used for the same purpose are also considered to constitute packaging (cfr. definition in Directive 94/62/EC).

All packaging material (namely glass, plastic, paper and cardboard (including composite cardboard products), metal and wood)

Overall recovery target: 60% with specific recovery target for paper & board (70%), plastics (55%) and wood (45%).
Overall recycling target: 55% with specific recycling target for cardboard (60 %), plastic (45% with min. 22,5% mechanical recycling), metal (60%), wood (20%) & glass (70%).

Not mandatory

Not mandatory
ETO Estonia is licensed to use the Green Dot symbol.

Part Legislation and specific items

Producers (packers and fillers), distributors and importers who place packaging on the market are responsible for packaging. They must report the amounts of packaging which they are responsible for and must achieve the recycling and recovery targets.

Producers and importers may opt for individual compliance or delegate their packaging waste collection and recovery obligations to an accredited recovery organization. Recovery organizations are controlled by companies which are part of the packaging chain and have a licence from the Ministry of Environment.

Individual compliers who place annually more than five tonnes of packaging on the Estonian market and who have not joined a recovery organization have to organise the collection of their packaging waste and report the collected/recovered quantities from each selling point. Information on take-back facilities must be available at the point of sale. They have to take back their own transport and grouping packaging free of charge, and take back sales packaging and packaging waste free of charge from the end-user and consumer either at the point of sale or in the immediate neighbourhood.

Excise duty
Excise duty on packaging filled in Estonia (or imported from another Member state of the European Union) shall be paid by the person who brings the packaged goods to the Estonian consumers. In case or imported packaging from outside the European Union, excise duty shall be paid by the person who incurred a customs debt or who used the packaging for self-consumption. It is possible for a company to obtain an exemption from excise duty as long as the recovery and recycling rates prescribed for the packaging material are met on the basis of the total mass thereof.
More information on Excise Duty in Estonia: please contact the Estonian Tax and Customs Board
E-mail: - Phone: +372 880 08 14

Deposit system
An obligatory deposit on both refillable and non-refillable beverage containers for beer, low-alcohol beverages, carbonated and uncarbonated soft drinks, water, juice, cider and perry came into force in 2005. The Ministry of the Environment is empowered to allow exemptions where the application of a deposit would be impossible or unreasonable. The operator of the beverage container deposit system is EPP / Eesti PandiPakend ( EPP operates quite similarly to deposit systems in the Nordic countries – fillers pay fees (together with the deposit) to the deposit system. Consumers return.empty containers to retailers, and EPP ensures that the containers are either recycled or returned to the fillers for refilling. EPP pays retailers a handling fee. The deposit is in principle paid by the fillers to EPP, but EPP says that mutual clearing arrangements between individual fillers and retailers will be used where it is the “most rational solution”. Unredeemed deposits must be reinvested in the collection and recovery of packaging waste.

  • To reach the recovery and recycling targets for its members
  • To report its results regarding recovery and recycling, to the Estonian authorities
  • To develop collection and sorting systems in cooperation with the municipalities
  • To collect the service fees from packers/fillers and importers
  • To finance the cost of collection, sorting and recycling of packaging waste (sales revenues of the sorted waste are paid back to the accredited organization)
  • To stimulate the selective collection and recycling of HH packaging waste through communication campaigns towards consumers (B2C).
  • To support its members in their efforts to reduce the quantities of HH packaging they use.

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This information is:

  • of a general nature only and is not intended to address the specific circumstances of any particular individual or entity;

  • not necessarily comprehensive, complete, accurate or up to date;

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  • not professional or legal advice (if you need specific advice, you should always consult a suitably qualified professional).

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