All packers/fillers and importers putting packaged goods on the Finnish market.
Only companies with a turnover of 1M€ or more hold a packaging recovery obligation.
All products made of any materials of any nature to be used for the containment, protection, handling, delivery and presentation of goods, from raw materials to processed goods, from the producer to the user or the consumer. This includes sales/primary, grouped/secondary, and transport/tertiary packaging (cfr. definition in Directive 94/62/EC and the Council of State Degree 518/2014).
All material (mainly paper/cardboard/corrugated cardboard, industrial wrapping and sacks, carton liquid packaging, plastic, aluminium, tinplate, steel, glass and wood)
Overall recovery target: 61% (cfr. 2008 Council of State Packaging Decision)
Overall recycling target: 55% (cfr. 2008 Council of State Packaging Decision) with specific recycling target for fibre (60%), plastic (22,5%), metal (50%), wood (15%) & glass (60%)
Specific recycling target 2016 (excl. deposit) for fibre (80%), plastic (16%), metal (75%), wood (17%) & glass (27%)
RINKI does not use the Green Dot symbol and marking packaging with RINKI's logo is voluntary.
Part Legislation and specific items
The council of state approved a new packaging decree on 4th of July 2014. The new extended producer responsibility will enter into force in May 2015 and add some new obligation to parties responsible for packaging. Packers/fillers and importers will have the obligation to put in place a 100% cost free take-back scheme for household packaging waste for households (taking into account the costs and environmental impact), even in very distant regions (where costs are higher than the value of the material which is collected). Costs will no longer be shared between local authorities and producers (packers/fillers and importers). Previously they didn’t have to pay the transport costs (except in certain regions where agreements had been reached).
Furthermore, according to the new decree, fiber, metal and glass packaging will be collected in 1850 take-back points and plastic packaging in 500 take-back points. The responsibility to collect consumer packaging relies on the producers. The waste collection network has to be in place by January 2016.
How to fulfill actual obligations
The parties responsible for packaging can choose for individual compliance (then the firm itself needs to organize the recovery of the packaging it has placed on the market and to report on the effectiveness of recovery and the take-back scheme to the authorities) or for being a member of RINKI (accredited organization).
RINKI is approved in Finland for the management of household and T&I packaging from different materials. The main task of RINKI is to register the parties responsible and to collect the fees from their members. RINKI is not responsible to obtain the targets. By joining RINKI , packers/fillers, and importers of packaged goods can transfer their recycling and recovery obligation to material organizations. These organization take over the recycling and recovery obligations of packers/fillers and importers.
Independent producer organisations have been created in Finland, whose statutes were approved by the authorities. They are financed with the fees RINKI receives from its members and are in charge of getting the recycling and recovery results. 5 specific materials organizations exist:
- One for plastic, “Suomen Uusiomuovi oy” (www.suomenuusiomuovi.fi)
- One for metal, “Mepak kierrätys oy” (www.mepak.fi)
- One for glass, “Suomen Keräyslasiyhdistys ry's” (www.kerayslasiyhdistys.fi)
- One for paper/cardboard/corrugated cardboard, industrial wrapping and sacks, “Suomen Kuitukierrätys Oy” (www.kuluttajakuitu.fi)1
- One for wood, “Puupakkausten Kierrätys PPK Oy” (www.puupakkauskierratys.fi)
The producer organisations support the valorization of packaging waste. Therefore, they sign contracts with municipalities collecting or making packaging waste collected, purchase the collected waste and send it to specific recycling and recovery facilities.
RINKI's initial focus was on T&I packaging, but it has been expanding its operations to the household sector.
A deposit system on beverage containers is managed by “Suomen Palautuspakkaus Oy”.
“Beer & Beverage Cans Organization” (Suomen Palautuspakkaus Oy) c/o PALPA ; Box 119 ; 00241 Helsinki,
Tel: +358 9 868 9860 - Website : www.palpa.fi
There is also an association which manages the use and recycling of refillable beer and soft drink bottles in Finland: Ekopullo (www.ekopullo.fi). Its operational activities began in September 2004. Membership of the Association is open to all organizations manufacturing or brewing products and soft drinks in Finland. The Ekopullo Association co-operates and shares office facilities with Suomen Palautuspakkaus Oy. For further information, please check on www.palpa.fi
Finally, there is a tax of 51 cents per liter on beverage containers (refillable and non-refillable) which doesn’t participate to a deposit system (Beverage cartons are exempted)
1 Created by three organizations: Suomen Kuluttajakuitu ry (cardboard and paper), Suomen NP-kierrätys Oy (carton liquid packaging) and Suomen Aaltopahviyhdistys ry (corrugated cardboard). They have jointly established Suomen Kuitukierrätys Oy, but continue their activities in the field of packaging waste recovery. Suomen Teollisuuskuitu Oy which has been the producer organization responsible for the recovery of fibre-based industrial packaging in Finland, handed over its responsibilities to Suomen Kuitukierrätys Oy on 16 May 2014.
- To collect the fees from their members
- To organize and finance the collection of packaging waste in collaboration with the producer organisations and with the municipalities
- To record environmental data on packaging, to compile statistics, to report result.
- To perform administrative tasks and actions related to the development, monitoring and implementation of legal obligations related to packaging
- To grant the right to use RINKI’s trademark to all firms that have made a contract with RINKI.